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16 de Junio, 2006


European Parliament / "Increase in racist and homophobic

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Today's Topics:

1. European Parliament / "Increase in racist and homophobic
violence in Europe" 15th June, 2006 (Elwira Chrusciel)


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Message: 1
Date: Fri, 16 Jun 2006 14:00:21 +0200
From: "Elwira Chrusciel" <astra3@astra.org.pl>
Subject: [Beijing+10] European Parliament / "Increase in racist and
homophobic violence in Europe" 15th June, 2006
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http://www.europarl.europa.eu/omk/sipade3?TYPE-DOC=TA&REF=P6-TA-
2006-0273&MODE=SIP&L=EN&LSTDOC=N

Texts adopted by Parliament

Thursday 15 June 2006 - Strasbourg Provisional edition
Increase in racist and homophobic violence in Europe


European Parliament resolution on the increase in racist and
homophobic violence in Europe
The European Parliament ,

- having regard to international human rights instruments which
prohibit discrimination based on racial and ethnic origin, and notably
the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial
Discrimination and the European Convention on the Protection of Human
Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR), both signed by all Member States
and a large number of third states,

- having regard to Articles 2, 6, 7 and 29 of the Treaty on
European Union and Article 13 of the EC Treaty, which commit the EU and
its Member States to uphold human rights and fundamental freedoms and
which provide European means to fight racism, xenophobia and
discrimination,

- having regard to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the
European Union, especially Article 21 thereof,

- having regard to European Union activities to fight racism,
xenophobia, anti-Semitism and homophobia, in particular the
anti-discrimination Directives 2000/43/EC implementing the principle of equal
treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin(1) and
2000/78/EC establishing a general framework for equal treatment in
employment and occupation(2) , as well as to the proposal for a framework
decision on combating racism and xenophobia(3) ,

- having regard to its previous resolutions on racism,
xenophobia, anti-Semitism, homophobia, protection of minorities,
anti-discrimination policies and the situation of Roma in the EU,

- having regard to Rule 103(4) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism, homophobia and
anti-gypsyism are motivated by irrational reasons and are sometimes
linked to social marginalisation, exclusion and unemployment, as well as by
a refusal to conceive diversity in our societies as a source of
richness,

B. whereas several Member States have experienced violent
events and/or killings motivated by racist, xenophobic and anti-Semitic
hatred, while other direct and indirect forms of racism, xenophobia,
anti-Semitism and homophobia persist inside and outside the EU,

C. whereas the Russian authorities have banned the march for
equality and tolerance for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT)
people planned for 27 May 2006 in Moscow in violation of the right of
peaceful assembly and demonstration guaranteed by the ECHR, in a
situation where political and religious authorities were involved in
denigration and incited and participated in the violent events that subsequently
occurred,

D. whereas political figures at European, national and regional
level have a responsibility to set a good example by promoting
tolerance, understanding, respect and peaceful coexistence,

E. whereas some political parties, including those in power in
a number of countries or well represented at local level, have
deliberately placed issues of racial, ethnic, national, religious and gay
intolerance at the heart of their agenda, allowing political leaders to use
language that incites racial and other forms of hatred and stokes
extremism in society,

F. whereas calls for open violence of a homophobic nature have
come from a member of a Polish governing party in relation to the plans
to hold a gay rights march in Warsaw,

G. whereas Member States have foreseen various measures against
political parties that promote programmes and activities that are
contrary to the values guaranteed by the ECHR, including the withdrawal of
public funding,

H. whereas disgraceful and serious racist incidents take place
during football matches, and whereas there are concerns that similar
events could take place during the current World Cup,

I. whereas education, especially at primary level, is a
critical 'upstream policy' area in fighting racist attitudes and prejudice in
later life, and whereas policy makers ought to pay due regard to the
benefit of a good social and ethnic mix in state primary education,

J. whereas the media play an important and significant role in
the public perception of racist violence and in some Member States tend
to use one-dimensional and biased descriptions of violence, thus
bearing responsibility for spreading misinformation on racism and xenophobia,

K. whereas the existence of a large number of internet
homepages which provide the main source of information about racist groups and
groups which incite hatred raises concerns as to how to counteract this
problem without violating freedom of expression,

L. whereas the police and judicial systems in Member States
play a crucial role in the prosecution and prevention of racist violence;
whereas, however, they sometimes fail to protect citizens against
racist violence and to discourage extremists from committing crimes of such
a nature, and in this respect Member States should consider whether
their police forces and judicial systems suffer from 'institutional
racism'; whereas in some countries, police violence specifically targets
ethnic, racial and sexual minorities and directly violates their right to
freedom of assembly,

M. whereas there is a lack of statistical data on racism,
xenophobia, anti-Semitism and homophobia in the Member States, and notably
on violence and discrimination related to these phenomena,

N. whereas, after five years of negotiations, the Council has
still not adopted the Commission proposal for a Framework Decision on
combating racism and xenophobia, leading the Commission to threaten to
withdraw it, and whereas this instrument would have been a useful tool to
address and punish perpetrators of race hate crime,

O. whereas four Member States - Germany, Luxembourg, Austria
and Finland - have been referred to the European Court of Justice for
their failure to satisfy the requirements of Directive 2000/43/EC,

1. Deplores the fact that the Council has been unable to adopt
the abovementioned proposal for a framework decision on combating racism
and xenophobia, and urgently calls on the future Finnish Presidency of
the Council to restart work on it and on the Council to reach an
agreement on explicitly extending it to homophobic, anti-Semitic,
Islamophobic and other types of offence motivated by phobia or hatred based on
ethnicity, race, sexual orientation, religion or other irrational grounds;
calls on the Member States to reinforce criminal law measures aimed at
the approximation of the penalties for such offences throughout the EU;
urges all the Member State to effectively implement the
anti-discrimination directives and the Commission to bring before the Court
of Justice those Member States which fail to do so and to submit before
mid-2007 proposals for new legislative tools covering all the grounds for
discrimination set out in Article 13 of the EC Treaty and having the !
same scope as Directive 2000/43/EC;

2. Strongly condemns all racist and hate attacks, urges all
national authorities to do everything in their power to punish those
responsible and to fight the climate of impunity with respect to those
attacks; expresses its solidarity with all victims of such attacks and their
families, including:
- the premeditated murder of a black woman of Malian
nationality and the Belgian child of whom she was the nurse perpetrated in
Antwerp on 12 May 2006 by a young Belgian right-wing extremist, this
same person having a few moments earlier seriously wounded a woman of
Turkish origin while trying to kill her;
- the murder of a 16-year old boy in January 2006 and of
a 17-year old boy in April 2006 in Brussels, and expresses its
indignation at some of the media coverage of these murders which at times led
to unfounded criminalisation of whole communities in the eyes of the
general public;
- the kidnapping, torture and assassination of Ilan
Halimi in February 2006 in France by a gang of 22 persons of different
origins, and expresses its deep concern at the anti-Semitic dimension of
this crime;
- the assassination of Chaib Zehaf in March 2006 in
France due to his ethnic origin;
- the brutal assault on a German citizen of Ethiopian
origin, Kevin K, in the village of Poemmelte, Saxony-Anhalt, on 9 January
2006, in particular because of its racial motive;
- the horrific torture and murder of Gisberta, a
transsexual living in the Portuguese city of Oporto, in February 2006 by a
group of adolescent and pre-adolescent minors;
- the attack against Michael Schudrich, Chief Rabbi of
Poland, which took place in Warsaw, as well as the declarations by a
leading member of the League of Polish Families inciting violence against
LGBT people in view of the march for tolerance and equality;
- the attack suffered on 8 April 2006 by Fernando
Ujiguilete, a Portuguese national of Guinean origin, in Castellar del Vall?s
(Spain); on account of this racist attack, Ujiguilete had to spend
several days in hospital;
- the increase in the number of racist attacks, calls
and chants by fans with neo-Nazi allegiances in football stadiums;


3. Welcomes the fact that the mass demonstrations organised in
Antwerp and Paris to express public horror at the events referred to
above and public support in the fight against racism, xenophobia and
anti-Semitism were attended by thousands of people; welcomes also the
demonstrations for tolerance in Poland and notably the warm welcome given to
the 2006 Gay Pride parade in Warsaw;

4. Is seriously concerned about the general rise in racist,
xenophobic, anti-Semitic and homophobic intolerance in Poland, partly
fuelled by religious platforms such as Radio Maryja, which has also been
criticised by the Vatican for its anti-Semitic discourse; believes that
the EU should take appropriate measures to express its concerns and
notably to address the issue of the participation in the government of the
League of Polish Families, whose leaders incite people to hatred and
violence; reminds Poland of its commitments and obligations under the
Treaties, in particular Article 6 of the EU Treaty, and the possible
sanctions in the event of non-compliance; urges the Polish government in this
context to reconsider the abolition of the Office of the
Plenipotentiary for Equal Status; requests the Observatory on Racism and
Xenophobia to conduct an inquiry into the emerging climate of racist,xenophobic
and homophobic intolerance in Poland and the Commission to verify i!
f the actions and declarations of the Polish Minister of Education are
in conformity with Article 6 of the EU Treaty;

5. Strongly condemns the Russian authorities' decision to ban
the first Gay Pride in Moscow on 27 May 2006, as well as their failure to
ensure the safety and security of peaceful demonstrators and human
rights activists, and reminds the Russian authorities that freedom of
assembly is a basic human right guaranteed by Article 31 of the Constitution
of the Russian Federation; expresses its deep concern about the role
which Russian politicians and faith organisations have played in inciting
violence and hatred against LGBT people; expresses its hope that
similar events will not occur in the future and encourages the Russian
authorities to allow the Gay Pride parade in 2007 and to ensure the safety of
its participants;

6. Is deeply disappointed at the failure of EU leaders to raise
this matter during the EU-Russia Summit on 18 May;

7. Is equally disappointed at the failure of the meeting of
President Barroso and Commissioners Frattini and Spidla with the religious
leaders of Europe on 30 May 2006 to condemn the active participation of
Russian Orthodox priests in the violent anti-gay and neo-Nazi march in
Moscow on 27 May 2006;

8. Expresses its astonishment and concern at the reaction of the
President of the Council of Europe's Parliamentary Assembly to the
incidents in Moscow, when he congratulated Russia on its human rights
record, instead of condemning the violation of basic human rights which took
place on 27 May 2006;

9. Calls on the EU representatives at the upcoming G8 summit to
raise the issue of human rights with Russia as a matter of urgency, in
particular the right to demonstrate peacefully;

10. Calls on the institutions of the European Union, the Member
States and all European democratic political parties to condemn all
acts of intolerance and of incitement to racial hatred, as well as all
acts of harassment or racist violence;

11. Regrets that several Member States are experiencing rising
support for extremist parties and groups with a clear xenophobic,
racist, anti-Semitic and homophobic agenda, some of which have recently
acceded to government in Poland, and stresses the need to address the roots
of this phenomenon, such as social marginalisation, exclusion and
unemployment;

12. Urgently requests all Member States to at least foresee the
possibility of withdrawing public funding from political parties that
do not abide by human rights and fundamental freedoms, democracy and the
rule of law as set out in the ECHR and the Charter of Fundamental
Rights, and calls on those that already have this possibility to do so
without delay;

13. Asks Member States to launch campaigns and projects at all
levels and sectors, in particular in the media and in schools, to
promote cultural diversity as a form of richness and economic dynamism,
gender equality, the fight against discrimination, tolerance, dialogue and
integration, for instance in the context of the European Years of Equal
Opportunities for All (2007) and Intercultural Dialogue (2008);

14. Calls on the Member States to give proper attention to the
fight against racism, sexism, xenophobia and homophobia both in their
relations with each other and in their bilateral relations with third
countries;

15. Calls on the Commission to continue developing an
anti-discrimination policy alongside its emerging policy on integration;
considers that, for equality to be achieved, due regard needs to be paid to
integration and other non-legislative measures, such as promoting
interaction and participation;

16. Stresses the need to support anti-racist and anti-xenophobic
initiatives in relation to the current World Cup in Germany and asks
authorities closely to monitor and to prosecute and condemn those
responsible for racist acts;

17. Recalls the need for sound and clear definitions and
statistics on racism and xenophobia, in particular on racist and xenophobic
violence, as a means of effectively combating these phenomena, as already
highlighted in the EUMC's 2005 annual report, which stresses the lack
of statistical registration of racist violence in Italy, Portugal and
Greece;

18. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the
Council, the Commission, the governments of the Member States, the
Council of Europe and the government of the Russian Federation.

(1) OJ L 180, 19.7.2000, p. 22.
(2) OJ L 303, 2.12.2000, p. 16.
(3) OJ C 75 E, 26.3.2002, p. 269.



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End of beijing+10 Digest, Vol 19, Issue 6

Publicado por Elvira Chursciel el 16 de Junio, 2006, 14:07 ~ Comentar ~ Referencias (0)


 
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