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EQUIDAD DE GÉNERO
IGUALDAD Y EQUIDAD EN DERECHOS HUMANOS


18 de Julio, 2006


CEE Bulletin on Sexual and Reproductive Rights

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Today's Topics:
   1. ASTRA Bulletin #7 (41) (Elwira Chrusciel)
Message: 1
Date: Tue, 18 Jul 2006 15:34:56 +0200
From: "Elwira Chrusciel" <astra3@astra.org.pl>
Subject: [Beijing+10] ASTRA Bulletin #7 (41)
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New Page 2     CEE Bulletin on Sexual and Reproductive Rights  No 7 
(41) 2006 
Sexual and reproductive health and rights constitute fundamental
human rights, form a vital aspect of the women?s empowerment and are key to
the achievement of gender equality.
      BURNING ISSUE 
       According the organizers of the XVI International AIDS Conference
which will take place in Toronto between the 13th and 18th of August,
the list of 20,000 participants expected to attend the event includes
former presidents Mary Robinson of Ireland and Bill Clinton of the United
States, HRH Crown Princess Mette-Marit from Norway, Bill and Melinda
Gates and Richard Gere. The scientific programme of the meeting will
be particularly strong and will trace new trends in basic and clinical
research, epidemiology, social science and policy. Out of the record
number of nearly 13,000 abstracts submitted, over 4,500 have been selected
for presentation: 366 as oral presentations, 199 as poster discussion and
4,000 as poster exhibition. Apart from the presentation of the latest
research, the conference will provide the delegates with an opportunity
to explore how best to prevent HIV and provide access to treatment and
care. In a number of sessions, the conference will address interalia
empowering women and girls as a major priority for an effective response
to the epidemic. It also includes sessions on the importance of women?s
reproductive health and rights, including the rights of sex workers.
The newly designed key challenge sessions will facilitate the exchange
of information and sharing of experiences to address the following
challenges:
      ? accelerating research to end the epidemic; 
      ? expanding and sustaining human resources to increase revention 
and treatment; 
      ? intensifying the involvement of affected communities; 
      ? building new leadership. 
      The organizers reported that two million USD have been allocated for
an International Scholarship Program which will allow 815 applicants out
of 16,000 who applied to take part in the gathering. Most of them are
from resource-limited countries. However, in some cases people who had
been granted scholarships by the organizers have been denied Canadian
visas. The problems have been experienced by applicants, some of whom
are living with AIDS, from Nepal, Nigeria, India, South Africa,
VietNam, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Fiji. The International AIDS
Society is trying to solve these existing problems and prevent others
from occurring by holding emergency meetings with Canadian officials.
     More information on the conference schedule, including satellite 
sessions and affiliated events is available at: www.aids2006.org
      REGIONAL UPDATES  
       Bulgaria: Retrial of medical workers accused of infecting Libyan 
children with HIV. Five Bulgarian nurses and one Palestinian physician
plead not guilty to the charge of infecting Libyan children with HIV.
They claim that they were forced to confess by Libyan officers who
used psychological torture measures against them during the interrogations.
The medical workers were sentenced to death by firing squad in May 2004,
but the Libyan Supreme Court overturned the convictions in December
2005 and ordered the retrial in the lower court. The retrial began in
May. The attorneys for the accused say that the June testimony of Libyan
medical experts was inaccurate and contradicted forensic evidence.
They requested that international HIV/AIDS experts be allowed to testify
at the retrial. In 2005, Luc Montagnier, the co-discoverer of HIV,
testified that HIV was present at the hospital where the defendants
were employed prior to their arrival.
      Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report 
      Czech Republic: Decreasing sale of condoms. The decreasing fear of
HIV infection and the popularity of modern contraception seems to be the
reason for the drop in the sale of condoms in the Czech Republic. According
to the experts, 54 percent of Czechs have had unsafe sex which places
the country 12th in the ranking of 41 states. Czechs have become less
cautious about HIV/AIDS than at the beginning of the 1990s since the
dramatic forecasts concerning the spread of the epidemic proved to be
wrong. In the years 1985-2005, 827 HIV-positive people were registered.
118 of them died.
      PUSH
      Georgia: Reproductive health project for youth. In June, the
Inter European Parliamentary Forum on Population and Development
(IEPFP), UNFPA and the EU launched a three year project to promote
youth reproductive health in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. The
project, entitled Reproductive Health Initiative for Youth in the
South Caucasus, is a large scale initiative aimed at young people
aged 15-24. It is designed to reach at least 50 percent of the
region?s 2,860,000 youth. With the three year budget of 2,9 million
Euros, the project aims at empowering young people to protect
themselves from unwanted pregnancies, STIs (including HIV) and gender
based violence by providing them with access to comprehensive youth
friendly SRH services and products.
      http://www.iepfpd.org 
      Georgia: Gender Network and Media: Integration and Mutual 
Empowerment - Fourth International Conference of Journalists. The
meeting took place on 1-3 July, 2006 in Tbilisi, Georgia. The event
was organized by Gender Media Caucasus Journalists Association.
      The conference focused on the issues of effective cooperation 
between the media and local gender networks. The participants were
journalists working on gender problems as well as non-governmental
sector activists working in cooperation with the media.
      The goals of the conference were to analyze cooperation between 
the networks and media of the post-soviet region, and to work out
future joint actions. Elwira Chrusciel represented the ASTRA
Bulletin crew during this meeting.
      ASTRA 
      Kyrgyzstan: the initiative to stricken the abortion law 
overturned. The parliament of Kyrgyz Republic decided that the
initiative of the Ombudsman to restrict abortion law is unjustified.
The proposal aimed at introducing criminal liability for women and
medical workers terminating 12-22 week pregnancies for social reasons.
The initiative was strongly opposed by Reproductive Health Alliance and
other NGOs of Kyrgyzstan, who in response initiated an advocacy program
for women?s right to abortion. ASTRA Network sent a letter to Kyrgyz
Republics Representatives expressing concern caused by the proposed
repressive sanctions. The letter also conveyed confidence that the
President of Kyrgyz Republic, Members of the Parliament, and the
Government will not allow the adoption of the Ombudsman?s proposition
because it violates fundamental human rights and contradicts both
national and international legislation. Reproductive Health Alliance,
Kyrgyzstan;
http://www.astra.org.pl/kyrgyz_abortion.pdf
     Poland: Abortion case admissible. The European Court of Human 
Rights declared the case of Tysiac v. Poland admissible. The Court
stated that the application "raises serious issues of fact and law
under the Convention, the determination of which requires an examination
of the merits." Alicja Tysi?c, now awaiting the Court?s decision,
was refused abortion although the pregnancy could severely damage
her eyesight.
Polish law allows the termination of pregnancy if it puts the woman?s
health or life at risk.
      Federation for Women and Family Planning
      Poland: ministry of education against the EC human rights manual. 
Roman Giertych, the minister of education and the leader of the
ultra-conservative party, League of Polish Families, dismissed the
director of the Center for the Professional Training of Teachers for
publishing and promoting the official manual of the European Council
aimed at preparing young people to participate in the life of civil
society and democratic state. One of the reasons Giertych found the book
unacceptable was that it recognized gay and lesbian rights. Although his
decision has raised protests from teachers, youth and civil society
organizations, the minister has not changed it.
 
      Federation for Women and Family Planning 
      ASTRA granted observatory status. ASTRA ? Central and Eastern 
European Women?s Network for Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights
has been accepted to be an observer at the HIV/AIDS Civil Society Forum
of the European Commission for the term until the end of August, 2007.
ASTRA
      GLOBAL UPDATES   
      Finland: Ban on the purchase of sex services. In June, Finnish 
parliament approved a law partially banning the purchase of sex services.
Under the new law, paying for sex services of an individual who is a
victim of human trafficking or pimping carries a maximum penalty of six
months imprisonment. The parliament rejected the draft law criminalizing
all purchase of sex services as well as the bill banning the sale of sexual
services.
      PUSH
      Ireland: The Alliance for Choice, a national grassroots organization, 
has called for abortion to be legalized in Ireland after statistics had been
published by the British Department of Health. The data indicate that each
day, 15 Irish women travel to Britain to have an abortion. In 2005, 5,585
women from Ireland terminated their pregnancy in Great Britain.
      http://www.rte.ie/news/2006/0705/print/abortion.html; 
WUNRN IPPF: New executive director. Dr. Gill Greer, the executive 
director of the Family Planning Association of New Zealand, has been
appointed the new Director-General of the International Planned
Parenthood Federation (IPPF). Dr. Greer will be taking up her post based
at IPPF?s London office in September, 2006 following the retirement of
current Director-General, Dr. Steven Sinding. www.ippf.org
     European Union: Discrimination against Roma Women. In a report 
adopted in June, the European Parliament called for measures to combat
the extreme levels of multiple discrimination faced by Roma women. Roma
women are among the most vulnerable people in Europe. The Parliament urges
the Member States, among other issues of concern, to prevent and outlaw
coercive sterilization, provide redress for such abuse, promote family
planning and alternatives to early marriage. It also calls for eliminating
racially segregated maternity wards, measures to help victims of domestic
violence and vigilance regarding the trafficking of Roma women. According
to the Parliament, the situation of Roma women should be a key criterion
for evaluating states of readiness for accession to the EU.
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/expert/infopress_page/
014-8637-152-06-22-902-20060531IPR08614-01-06-2006-2006-false/default_en.htm#
    European Court of Human Rights: Abortion case rejected. The case 
D. v. Ireland that could challenge the ban on abortion in Ireland has
been declared inadmissible by the European Court of Human Rights on the
ground that the applicant had not exhausted domestic remedies since she
had not brought the case to the Irish courts. The case was brought before
the ECHR by a woman who was pregnant with twins in 2002. After the antenatal
tests indicated that one fetus died in the womb and the second had a fatal
chromosomal abnormality -Trisomy 18, or Edward?s Syndrome - she decided to
terminate the pregnancy. She did not seek legal advice on her eligibility
for abortion in Ireland and instead obtained an abortion in the UK.
Abortion is allowed in Ireland only in the case of ?a real and substantial
risk to the life of the mother?. The applicant claimed that the lack of
abortion services in the case of lethal fetal abnormality and the present
law infringe on her rights. The Irish Family Planning Association who
lodged an amicus brief in support of the complaint in 2005, said that
the ECHR declaration was disappointing.
IFPA informed the media that it facilitated the complaint of three women 
living in Ireland who were challenging abortion restrictions.
According to IFPA, the basis of their complaint is significantly different
from that made by ?D? and ECHR decision is unlikely to have implication on it.
http://www.echr.coe.int/echr; http://www.ifpa.ie/news/index.php?mr=125 
       Court of Justice of the European Communities: Medical treatment broad
in EU states. On May 16, in the case of Ivonne Watts v. Bedford Primary
Care Trust and Secretary of State for Health, the Court of Justice ruled
that the patient?s national health services should reimburse her/him for
the cost of hospital treatment provided in another member state even when
the service is provided for free in the country of residence. According to
the Court?s judgment, the patient can be refused authorization to receive
treatment abroad if the health insurance fund ?shows that the waiting time
does not exceed the medically acceptable period having regard to the
patient?s condition and clinical needs.? The Court?s judgment may prove
important for women in EU states who are denied access to abortion services
to which they are entitled within the legally defined timeframe.
      Rzeczpospolita,   Court of Justice of EC: 
www.curia.europa.eu/en/actu/communiques/cp06/aff/cp060042en.pdf 
     Science: Condom use lowers the risk of HPV-related disease. 
A new study published in The New England Journal of Medicine reports that
women whose partners always use condoms are 70 percent less likely to acquire
HPV infection than women whose partners use condoms less than 5 percent of
the time. In almost all cases, cervical cancer is caused by HPV. The study
was performed by researchers from the University of Washington. It provides
evidence that condoms are effective in reducing the risk of HPV. Until this
study, solid evidence proved that condoms prevent pregnancy, HIV infections
and, in the case of men, gonorrhea.
      PUSH
      Science: Womb transplants. According to scientists from Sahlgrenska
Academy in Gothenburg, Sweden, womb transplant in humans should be possible
within five years. Scientists have recently succeeded in transplanting
uteruses in sheep. They claim that in future the best wombdonor would be
the recipient?s mother or older sister in order to minimize the risk of
immune rejection.
      http://www.bioedonline.org/news/news.cfm?art=2618
      UPCOMING EVENTS 
      IAPAC European Session 2006. The International Association of 
Physicians in AIDS Care (IAPAC) and the European AIDS Clinical Society
(EACS) will co-host the third annual IAPAC European Sessions in Budapest.
They will take place on 12-13 October 2006. This year's Sessions include:
implications of a decade of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART),
navigating ARV drug resistance, sociobehavioural Aspects of HIV Care and
emerging issues in HIV Care.
      To see the full program and outstanding faculty presenters, visit 
the IAPAC Web site, www.iapac.org 7th Congress of FIAPAC. International
Federation of Professional Abortion and Contraception Associates organizes
its 7th annual congress, ?Freedom and rights in reproductive heath?.
The conference will take place on 13/14 October 2006 in Rome, Italy.
The preliminary program of the meeting is available at:
http://www.fiapac.org/e/RomePrelProgr2.html
 
    
World Youth Forum. The annual World Youth Forum (WYF), which will
bring together 140 young persons from over 35 countries will take place
from 10-15 August in Bucharest, Romania. More information is available
at: www.youth-policies.org  
      LINKS   
      Women on Web: the on-line abortion help service for women living 
in countries where access to safe abortion services is restricted.
      The website is: www.womenonweb.org 
      PUBLICATIONS    
      Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics and
Law, by Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens and Mahmoud F. Fathalla
(Oxford University Press, 2003, 554pp.)  is now available in French, Spanish,
Portuguese and Chinese translations, and forthcoming in Arabic.  The book is
designed to equip health care providers and administrators to integrate
ethical, legal, and human rights principles  in protection and promotion of
reproductive health, and to inform lawyers and women's health advocates about
aspects of medicine and health  care systems that affect reproduction. 
More information and updates to the book are available at:
http://www.law.utoronto.ca/faculty/cook/ReproductiveHealth.html
     Preventing unsafe abortion and the consequences: priorities for research 
and action, the book edited by Ina K. Warriner and Iqbal Shah, is now available
for free download online from: 
http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/2006/07/10/PreventingUnsafeAbortion.pdf
     Youth?s Voice. Report on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in the
Central and Eastern Europe and Balkan Countries published ASTRA Youth Group
is now available. Hard copies can be obtained from ASTRA secretariat.
The electronic version is available at:
http://www.astra.org.pl/youth_report.pdf
     Woman-centered abortion care: Reference manual. The manual is now available
in Spanish. It is designed to be used by participants during individual
and group-based courses and also as a reference manual to help participants
refresh and strengthen their skills. Composed of 13 modules, it brings a new
perspective to abortion-care training and service delivery. Features include:
a woman's rights approach to abortion care; unique considerations for special
populations, including adolescents and survivors of sexual violence; guidance
for use of both manual vacuum aspiration and medication-abortion technologies;
and recommendations for monitoring services and making linkages to communities.
This publication is not available online. To order a hard copy, please e-mail
ipas_publications@ipas.org. 
      Compiled by: Aleksandra Solik
      @@@  @@@  @@@
      All issues of ASTRA Bulletin are available on: www.astra.org.pl. To 
unsubscribe please mail to:
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. Please refer your friends
willing to subscribe to ASTRA group to:
info@astra.org.pl
 
      ASTRA members:ASTRA coordination and secretariat: Federation for Women 
and Family Planning, Warsaw/Poland,
http://www.astra.org.pl;
Family Planning
 Association of Albania, Tirana/Albania,
afpa@albaniaonline.net
; Women's Rights
 Center of Armenia, Yerevan/Armenia,
wrcarm@arminco.com
; Women's Independent
 Democratic Movement of Belarus, Minks/ Belarus,
http://www.cacedu.unibel.by/
widm;
Bulgarian Gender Research Foundation, Sofia/Bulgaria; B.a.b.e (Be Active,
 Be Emancipated), Zagreb/Croatia,
http://www.babe.hr;
CESI - Centre for
Education and Counselling of Women, Zagreb/Croatia,
http://www.zamir.net/~cesi;
Family Planning and Sexual Health Association of Lithuania, Vilnius/Lithuania,
lithfpa@takas.lt
; Latvia's Association for Family Planning And Sexual Health,
 Riga/Latvia,
http://www.papardeszieds.lv;
Eastern European
Institute for Reproductive Health, Targu Mures/Romania, icozos@eeirh.org, 
AnA: Romanian Society for Feminist Analysis, Bucharest/Romania,

http://www.anasaf.r!
 o/; Institute of State and Law, Russian Academy of
Sciences, Moscow/Russia,
olga@khazova.msk.ru
; Novogorod Gender Center,
Novgorod/Russia,
kevi@adm.nov.ru
; NGO "Women Health and Family Planning",
Kiev/Ukraine,
http://www.whfp.kiev.ua;
Habeas Corpus Working Group/Hungary,
http://www.habeascorpus.hu;
IPAS, Chapel Hill/USA, http://www.ipas.org; NGO
Pro Choice Bratislava, Bratislava/Slovakia,
http://www.prochoice.sk;
Center
for Reproductive Rights, New York/USA,
http://www.reproductiverights.org,

International Centre for Reproductive Health,Ghent/Belgium,
http://www.icrh.org,
Bulgarian Family Planning and Sexual Health Association,
Sofia/Bulgaria
http://www.bfpa-bg.org,
Women's Center,Tbilisi/Georgia,
http://www.womancenter.org.ge
, Gender, Education, Research and Technologies,
Sofia/Bulgaria
marinova@mbox.cit.bg
, Reproductive Health Training Center,
Chisinau/Moldova, www.medicalabortionconsortium.org; Women's Room - Women's
Center for Sexuality and the Prevention, Research and Combating of Sexual
Violence, Zagreb/Croatia,
zenska.soba@zamir.net
, AN  "Women's Health"/Russia;
Charitable SALUS Foundation/Ukraine, www.salus.org.ua.
      Editorial Committee: Elwira Chrusciel, Evgenia Kulikova, Monika Malicka,
Wanda Nowicka, Entela Shehu,  Aleksandra Solik.
      Supported by: Open Society Institute and International Women's Health 
Coalition    
__,_._,___ 
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Publicado por Boletin Beiging +10 el 18 de Julio, 2006, 16:35 ~ Comentar ~ Referencias (0)


Población y Salud Reproductiva en el Development Gateway

Actualización de contenido - Población y Salud Reproductiva en el Development Gateway
-------------------------
37 {totalItems} nuevos recursos en la página Población y Salud Reproductiva del Development Gateway
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population
--------------------------------------------------

1. The New Public Finance: Responding to Global Challenges
2. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women Living with HIV/AIDS
3. Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls in War and Its Aftermath: Realities, Responses, and Required Resources
4. The Effects of Contraception on Obstetric Outcomes
5. TransMonee 2005 - Data Indicators and Features on the State of Children in CEE/CIS and Baltic States
6. Listen, Secrets!: Issues and Research by Children Affected by HIV/AIDS
7. Market Development Approaches to Reproductive Health (Eldis/HRC key issues guide)
8. Mapping for Change: Practice, Technologies and Communication
9. Nepal: Reproductive Health Commodity Pricing Survey
10. The Community-level Effects of Women's Education on Reproductive Behaviour in Rural Ghana
11. EU-US summit: transatlantic cooperation to be intensified
12. The Pop Reporter from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health ( June 26, 2006).
13. WHO and UNFPA News Release: Top Level Push to Tackle Priorities in Sexual and Reproductive Health
14. Tanzania Poverty & Human Development Report 2005: Briefs and Posters Available
15. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women Living with HIV/AIDS: Guidelines on Care, Treatment and Support
16. John Snow, Inc - Evaluation Matters Series of Publications
17. Millennium Development Goals 2006 Progress Chart
18. The Millennium Development Goals Report 2006
19. The RSVY--A new approach towards poverty alleviation in India
20. The Global Footprint Network
21. The Role of Socio-Economic Condition in India Responsible for Prevalance of Diseases and Medical Care Thereof
22. Vietnam Population and AIDS Indicator Survey 2005
23. Final Report on the 2004-05 Uganda HIV/AIDS Sero-Behavioural Survey
24. Final Report on the 2005 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey (2005 EDHS)
25. Effects of Migration on Sending Countries: What Do We Know?
26. Migration Policy and its Interactions with Aid, Trade, and Foreign Direct Investment Policies: A Background Paper
27. Forests and Human Health: Assessing the Evidence
28. Circumcision Could Cut HIV Risk - BBC News Report
29. Programme on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) - Lund University in Sweden, 2007
30. Practical Tools for Ensuring a Quality Family Program in Indonesia
31. Population Ageing 2006 (Wall Chart)
32. Index of Animal Resources Development in India
33. International Organization for Migration (IOM) ? Launch of New Website
34. PRB Health Bulletin: Working With the Community for Improved Health
35. Health and Development: Global Update
36. Female Genital Mutilation - A Human Rights Information Pack
37. HRH Global Resource Center
-------------------------

1. The New Public Finance: Responding to Global Challenges
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1065913
This latest UNDP book takes stock of how public finance has changed in response to globalization. It examines policies and financing instruments that governments can use to manage cross-border risks and respond to global challenges such as avian flu,...
Contribuido por Boris Demidov el 26 Jun , 2006

2. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women Living with HIV/AIDS
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066077
Full-title: Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women Living with HIV/AIDS: Guidelines on care, treatment and support for women living with HIV/AIDS and their children in resource-constrained settings. "The sexual and reproductive health of women...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 28 Jun , 2006

3. Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls in War and Its Aftermath: Realities, Responses, and Required Resources
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066079
This briefing paper was prepared for the Symposium on Sexual Violence in Conflict and Beyond held from 21-23 June 2006 in Brussels. The paper is divided into 3 sections: 1) ?The Nature and Scope of Violence Against Women and Children in Armed...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 28 Jun , 2006

4. The Effects of Contraception on Obstetric Outcomes
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066120
"The first section of this paper reviews the evidence for the assertion that contraception benefits maternal health by reducing the number of high-risk births. The second section examines a related possibility?that unwanted births represent a greater...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 29 Jun , 2006

5. TransMonee 2005 - Data Indicators and Features on the State of Children in CEE/CIS and Baltic States
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066121
"The MONEE project was initiated in 1992 to monitor, analyze and disseminate information on social and economic trends affecting children in Central and Eastern Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Baltics as these countries entered...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 29 Jun , 2006

6. Listen, Secrets!: Issues and Research by Children Affected by HIV/AIDS
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066123
"This report, Listen, secrets is a report on children?s research in two locations in China that are heavily affected by HIV/AIDS. Yining City, is in Yili Prefecture, Xinjiang in north-west China bordering countries of central Asia. Yingjiang County...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 29 Jun , 2006

7. Market Development Approaches to Reproductive Health (Eldis/HRC key issues guide)
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066126
"Market development approaches (MDAs) to reproductive health are initiatives that work towards enhanced financial sustainability, improved access and expanded choice. The term ?market development approach? encompasses a very broad set of approaches...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 29 Jun , 2006

8. Mapping for Change: Practice, Technologies and Communication
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066168
Issue 54 of the Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) series is entitled Mapping for Change: Practice, Technologies and Communication. What a long way the Participatory learning and Action (PLA) series - originally ?RRA notes? back in 1988 ? has...
Contribuido por Giacomo Rambaldi el 29 Jun , 2006

9. Nepal: Reproductive Health Commodity Pricing Survey
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066288
"Regulatory guidelines under the Nepal Drug Act of 1978 govern the sale and distribution of pharmaceutical products in Nepal. Regulations are based on a 1995 National Drug Policy that promotes community drug financing programs in the public sector...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 30 Jun , 2006

10. The Community-level Effects of Women's Education on Reproductive Behaviour in Rural Ghana
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066289
"Using survey data collected in rural Ghana during the 1980s, this study examines whether a woman?s interest in fertility regulation and contraception is influenced by the education of other women in her community. The study finds that, net of her...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 30 Jun , 2006

11. EU-US summit: transatlantic cooperation to be intensified
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066266
Meeting on 21 June 2006 at the Vienna EU-US summit, EU and US leaders committed themselves to strengthen their global partnership by adopting a common line towards global challenges. "When America and the EU work together, we can accomplish big...
Contribuido por German Yáñez el 30 Jun , 2006

12. The Pop Reporter from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health ( June 26, 2006).
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066384
HIV/AIDS RESEARCH: 1] Sexual risk-taking and HIV testing among health workers in Zambia; 2] A qualitative assessment of long distance truck drivers? vulnerability to HIV/AIDS in Itajaí, Southern Brazil; 3] Sexual behaviour and condom use among...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 02 Jul , 2006

13. WHO and UNFPA News Release: Top Level Push to Tackle Priorities in Sexual and Reproductive Health
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066433
20 JUNE 2006 | GENEVA -- Leaders of the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, are coordinating action to reverse the global trend of deteriorating levels of sexual and reproductive health and reduce the...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 03 Jul , 2006

14. Tanzania Poverty & Human Development Report 2005: Briefs and Posters Available
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066444
Briefs and posters have been produced which summarise information from the Poverty and Human Development Report 2005 (PHDR). The following briefs are available in English and Swahili: Brief 1 ? Status of Poverty in Tanzania (Muhtasari 1 - Hali Ya...
Contribuido por S Tiscenko el 03 Jul , 2006

15. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women Living with HIV/AIDS: Guidelines on Care, Treatment and Support
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066598
Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women Living with HIV/AIDS: Guidelines on Care, Treatment and Support for Women Living With HIV/AIDS and their Children in Resource-Constrained Settings has been published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 05 Jul , 2006

16. John Snow, Inc - Evaluation Matters Series of Publications
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066575
JSI has released its new publication series, Evaluation Matters. This a series of evidence-based papers written at the end of JSI projects that highlights how data is collected and effectively used through project monitoring and evaluating. The first...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 05 Jul , 2006

17. Millennium Development Goals 2006 Progress Chart
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066589
The chart shows progress up to June 2006, drawing on the latest information from all countries of the world and from the UN family of operational agencies. UN Statistics Division / DESA, 2006
Contribuido por UN WomenWatch el 05 Jul , 2006

18. The Millennium Development Goals Report 2006
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066517
The United Nation Report on progress towards the MDGs was released on 3 July 2006. The report presents the latest assessment on how far we have come, and how far we have to go in reaching the goals, in each of the world?s regions. With less than a...
Contribuido por John Daly el 04 Jul , 2006

19. The RSVY--A new approach towards poverty alleviation in India
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066449
RSVY is a special scheme of Planning Commission of India to enrich the poorest by asset creation. Animal resources are real asset for them and public sector management to prove its success. (By: DR. PRABIR Dutta)
Contribuido por DR.PRABIR Dutta el 03 Jul , 2006

20. The Global Footprint Network
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066633
This organization seeks to support a sustainable environment by advancing the use of "the Ecological Footprint", which is a measurement and management tool. National Footprint Accounts Tables (Excel spreadsheet containing numeric results) are...
Contribuido por John Daly el 06 Jul , 2006

21. The Role of Socio-Economic Condition in India Responsible for Prevalance of Diseases and Medical Care Thereof
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066829
The health care system of India is in the process of building up in accordance with prevalance of diseases under socio-economic condition of the country. (By: DR. PRABIR Dutta)
Contribuido por DR.PRABIR Dutta el 10 Jul , 2006

22. Vietnam Population and AIDS Indicator Survey 2005
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066875
The 2005 VPAIS survey obtained information on sexual behavior, and knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding HIV/AIDS. In addition, in Hai Phong province, the survey collected blood samples from survey respondents in order to estimate the...
Contribuido por Erica Nybro el 10 Jul , 2006

23. Final Report on the 2004-05 Uganda HIV/AIDS Sero-Behavioural Survey
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066877
The 2005-04 Uganda HIV/AIDS Sero-Behavioural Survey (UHSBS) included HIV testing of over 18,000 adults and 8,000 children under age 5. The survey found that 6.5 percent of Ugandan adults age 15-49 are HIV positive. HIV prevalence is significantly...
Contribuido por Erica Nybro el 10 Jul , 2006

24. Final Report on the 2005 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey (2005 EDHS)
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066878
The 2005 EDHS data indicate that fertility levels in Egypt have decreased from 5.3 births in 1980 to 3.1 births in 2005. One of the factors influencing the on-going fertility decline in Egypt has been the steady increase in the age at marriage. Also,...
Contribuido por Erica Nybro el 10 Jul , 2006

25. Effects of Migration on Sending Countries: What Do We Know?
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066905
This paper, focusing mostly on European migration, provides an evaluative review which aims to enhance our understanding of migration and its potential role for development. This report evaluates the evidence on how migration may promote or hinder...
Contribuido por Meria Puhakka el 11 Jul , 2006

26. Migration Policy and its Interactions with Aid, Trade, and Foreign Direct Investment Policies: A Background Paper
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066906
It is recognised that migration can, under certain conditions, generate important net gains for the migrants? home countries. These gains may be in terms of growth, poverty reduction, insurance against risk and accumulation of human capital. Moreover...
Contribuido por Meria Puhakka el 11 Jul , 2006

27. Forests and Human Health: Assessing the Evidence
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066955
"This study has two central concerns: the state of human health in forests, and the causal links between forests and human health. Within this framework, we consider four issues related to tropical forests and human health. First, we discuss forest...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 12 Jul , 2006

28. Circumcision Could Cut HIV Risk - BBC News Report
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1067000
(BBC News, July 10, 2006) Male circumcision could significantly reduce the burden of HIV in Africa, a study suggests. It concluded that the operation could avert about six million HIV infections and three million deaths in sub-Saharan Africa over the...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 13 Jul , 2006

29. Programme on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) - Lund University in Sweden, 2007
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066974
The objective of the programme is to increase the participants? knowledge about international strategies, national contexts, evidence-based interventions and practical experiences from implementation of interventions within the sexual and...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 13 Jul , 2006

30. Practical Tools for Ensuring a Quality Family Program in Indonesia
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1067023
"Since 2000 STARH (Sustaining Technical Achievements in Reproductive Health/Family Planning) has worked with a multitude of partners to improve the quality of family planning services in Indonesia and to increase demand for quality services by family...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 13 Jul , 2006

31. Population Ageing 2006 (Wall Chart)
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1067037
"For 228 countries or areas, regions and the world, the wall chart presents comparable indicators including absolute and relative numbers of the older population, proportions currently married, living alone and in the labour force among both older...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 13 Jul , 2006

32. Index of Animal Resources Development in India
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/population/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066969
An experiment at West Bengal in India shows a planned approach for enhancement of productivity from animal resources helps in poverty alleviation. (By: DR. PRABIR DUTTA)
Contribuido por DR.PRABIR Dutta el 12 Jul , 2006

33. International Organization for Migration (IOM) ? Launch of New Website
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1067094
"IOM today re-launched its organizational website available at www.iom.int. A complete transformation of design and structure, the new website provides more information about contemporary migration issues and policy perspectives as well as the...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 14 Jul , 2006

34. PRB Health Bulletin: Working With the Community for Improved Health
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1067129
This Population Reference Bureau (PRB) Health Bulletin explores community participation in health, using five case studies of participatory processes and their role in instigating important health and well-being benefits. Case Studies include:...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 14 Jul , 2006

35. Health and Development: Global Update
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1067124
(July 2006, PDF 8p., Produced by: HLSP Institute)
Content: "Improving aid effectiveness (page 1); Financing proposals (page 2); Africa (page 3); Health, HIV and AIDS (page 4); Reaching the Millennium Development Goals (page 7)."

Contribuido por emmanuel Asomba el 14 Jul , 2006

36. Female Genital Mutilation - A Human Rights Information Pack
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1067189
This Amnesty International (AI) information pack includes background on various procedures performed, and their geographic predominance. It also sheds light on the physical and psychological effects of the operation itself, as well as short-term...
Contribuido por Laura Allen el 17 Jul , 2006

37. HRH Global Resource Center
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/pop/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1067213
A service of the Capacity Project, led by IntraHealth International, Inc., the HRH Global Resource Center provides support to human resources for health (HRH) stakeholders and decision makers by helping them find the resources they need via a...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 17 Jul , 2006

Publicado por Development Gateway el 18 de Julio, 2006, 15:01 ~ Comentar ~ Referencias (0)


Género y Desarrollo en Development Gateway

Actualización de contenido - Género y Desarrollo en el Development Gateway
-------------------------
31 {totalItems} nuevos recursos en la página Género y Desarrollo del Development Gateway
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender
------------------------------------------------

1. Undermining patriarchy, empowering women
2. Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls in War and Its Aftermath: Realities, Responses, and Required Resources
3. Review - PLA 54 (Mapping for change: Practice, technologies and communication)
4. Nuevas Generaciones y el Partido Popular denuncian los delitos que comete el colectivo "Okupa" en Barcelona
5. Indian Housewives Face Growing AIDS Threat ( Reuters, June 19, 2006).
6. The Gender Dimensions of Post-Conflict Reconstruction: The Challenges in Development Aid
7. Gender, Local Knowledge, and Lessons Learnt in Documenting and Conserving Agrobiodiversity
8. Women?s Status and Children?s Food Security in Pakistan
9. The Community-level Effects of Women's Education on Reproductive Behaviour in Rural Ghana
10. Gender-Based Violence Network Website (GBV).
11. Achieving Social Change on Gender-based Violence: A Report on the Impact Evaluation of Soul City's Fourth Series.
12. microfinance in RE for poverty reduction
13. The Millennium Development Goals Report 2006
14. Millennium Development Goals 2006 Progress Chart
15. Society For Women and HIV/AIDS in Africa (SWAA).
16. Global Rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
17. "Women for Science"
18. The African Youth Foundation (AYF)
19. Senior Programme Officer ? Conflict Sensitivity
20. Microfinance and Female Empowerment
21. Final Report on the 2005 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey (2005 EDHS)
22. Zero Tolerance For Rape in Congo - Medica Mondiale.
23. 'Capacity Development' to be Focus of Renamed dgCommunity
24. Human Rights, Women and HIV/AIDS - WHO Media Centre.
25. Women?s Concerns and Spaces in the United Nations: What Does History Tell Us?
26. Preventing the Further Spread of HIV/AIDS - Human Rights Watch.
27. Using Gender Research in Development - Agnes R. Quisumbing and Bonnie McClafferty.
28. Female Genital Mutilation - A Human Rights Information Pack
29. Rwanda: Twelve years On, HIV-positive Genocide Survivors Are Still Suffering.
30. Practical Tools for Ensuring a Quality Family Program in Indonesia
31. Population Ageing 2006 (Wall Chart)
-------------------------

1. Undermining patriarchy, empowering women
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066063
Bangladeshi Women Workers and Labour Market Decisions - The Power to Choose by Naila Kabeer; (Vistaar Publications, New Delhi, 2001) is a book that explains why the majority of female garment workers in Dhaka, where purdah norms are strong, work in...
Contribuido por Velina Luhur el 28 Jun , 2006

2. Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls in War and Its Aftermath: Realities, Responses, and Required Resources
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066081
This briefing paper was prepared for the Symposium on Sexual Violence in Conflict and Beyond held from 21-23 June 2006 in Brussels. The paper is divided into 3 sections: 1) ?The Nature and Scope of Violence Against Women and Children in Armed...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 28 Jun , 2006

3. Review - PLA 54 (Mapping for change: Practice, technologies and communication)
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066171
What a long way the Participatory learning and Action (PLA) series - originally ?RRA notes? back in 1988 ? has come. It has always been the recognised authoritative mouthpiece for participatory approaches and methods, but the content of issue 54...
Contribuido por Giacomo Rambaldi el 29 Jun , 2006

4. Nuevas Generaciones y el Partido Popular denuncian los delitos que comete el colectivo "Okupa" en Barcelona
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066134
Nuevas Generaciones y Partido Popular denuncian el incivismo del colectivo ocupa de Barcelona, cuyo objetivo es, asaltar casas que se encuentran en proceso de remodelación o temporalmente cerradas para residir en ellas gratuitamente y causando...
Contribuido por Nuevas Generaciones en Horta-Guinardo (del Partido Popular) el 29 Jun , 2006

5. Indian Housewives Face Growing AIDS Threat ( Reuters, June 19, 2006).
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066217
MUMBAI (Reuters) - The Indian housewife is facing a tremendous threat from HIV/AIDS as age-old social customs and a lack of awareness restrict access to protection from sexually-transmitted infections.Recent studies carried out at clinics have...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 30 Jun , 2006

6. The Gender Dimensions of Post-Conflict Reconstruction: The Challenges in Development Aid
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066234
Based on analysis of the World Bank and other donors for post-conflict reconstruction (PCR) loans and grants from rights-based, macroeconomic and microeconomic perspectives, we conclude that few PCR projects identify or address gender discrimination...
Contribuido por Adam Swallow el 30 Jun , 2006

7. Gender, Local Knowledge, and Lessons Learnt in Documenting and Conserving Agrobiodiversity
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066244
This paper explores the linkages between gender, local knowledge systems, and agrobiodiversity for food security by using the case study of LinKS, a regional FAO project in Mozambique, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, and Tanzania over a period of eight years....
Contribuido por Adam Swallow el 30 Jun , 2006

8. Women?s Status and Children?s Food Security in Pakistan
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066256
This article examines the role of women?s intra-household status relative to men in children?s food security in Pakistan. Data from the 1991 Pakistan Integrated Household Survey (PIHS) yield a measure of evidence of a positive relation between...
Contribuido por Adam Swallow el 30 Jun , 2006

9. The Community-level Effects of Women's Education on Reproductive Behaviour in Rural Ghana
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066290
"Using survey data collected in rural Ghana during the 1980s, this study examines whether a woman?s interest in fertility regulation and contraception is influenced by the education of other women in her community. The study finds that, net of her...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 30 Jun , 2006

10. Gender-Based Violence Network Website (GBV).
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066333
The GBV Prevention Network has launched the 1st regional website focusing on the prevention of GBV in Africa. The website is filled with the experiences, innovations and knowledge of over 100 member organizations throughout the Horn, East and...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 01 Jul , 2006

11. Achieving Social Change on Gender-based Violence: A Report on the Impact Evaluation of Soul City's Fourth Series.
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066337
(By Usdin S, Scheepers E, Goldstein S, Japhet G). The Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication, a South African multi-media health promotion project, together with the National Network on Violence Against Women, formulated an...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 01 Jul , 2006

12. microfinance in RE for poverty reduction
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066559
The Asian Alliance of Appropriate Technology Practitioners Inc., (APPROTECH ASIA) was established in 1981, to increase the access of the poor to technologies and processes appropriate to their increasing needs and expanding capacities. Its primary...
Contribuido por Feri Lumampao el 04 Jul , 2006

13. The Millennium Development Goals Report 2006
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066528
The United Nation Report on progress towards the MDGs was released on 3 July 2006. The report presents the latest assessment on how far we have come, and how far we have to go in reaching the goals, in each of the world?s regions. With less than a...
Contribuido por John Daly el 04 Jul , 2006

14. Millennium Development Goals 2006 Progress Chart
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066587
The chart shows progress up to June 2006, drawing on the latest information from all countries of the world and from the UN family of operational agencies. UN Statistics Division/DESA, 2006
Contribuido por UN WomenWatch el 05 Jul , 2006

15. Society For Women and HIV/AIDS in Africa (SWAA).
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066605
In 1988, several key African women leaders met at the 4th International AIDS Conference in Stockholm, Sweden and accurately predicted that HIV/AIDS would most severely impact women on their continent. It was at that moment that the seeds for the...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 05 Jul , 2006

16. Global Rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066619
Years of war in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), at times involving eight African countries and several rebel factions, have resulted in one of the most catastrophic humanitarian and human rights situations in Africa. More than two million...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 06 Jul , 2006

17. "Women for Science"
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066641
The low representation of women in science and engineering is a major hindrance to global capacity building in science and technology. This report presents recommendations and action items grouped around three themes: * Academies advocating and...
Contribuido por John Daly el 06 Jul , 2006

18. The African Youth Foundation (AYF)
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066840
The problems of poverty, lack of sufficient education and political corruption are among the major challenges facing African youths. These challenges are the targets of African Youth Foundation (AYF), a non-profit organization based in Bonn, Germany....
Contribuido por Riccardo de Marchi Trevisan el 10 Jul , 2006

19. Senior Programme Officer ? Conflict Sensitivity
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066785
International Alert is an independent peacebuilding organisation working in over twenty countries and territories around the world. We work with people affected by violent conflict as well as at government, EU and UN levels to shape both their policy...
Contribuido por Craig Zelizer el 07 Jul , 2006

20. Microfinance and Female Empowerment
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066744
In order to successfully enhance female empowerment, microfinance institutions must enable female entrepreneurs to engage in high-productivity activities through increased access to credit. However, in the informal economy of developing countries,...
Contribuido por Velina Luhur el 07 Jul , 2006

21. Final Report on the 2005 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey (2005 EDHS)
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066879
Final Report on the 2005 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey (2005 EDHS) The 2005 EDHS data indicate that fertility levels in Egypt have decreased from 5.3 births in 1980 to 3.1 births in 2005. One of the factors influencing the on-going fertility...
Contribuido por Erica Nybro el 10 Jul , 2006

22. Zero Tolerance For Rape in Congo - Medica Mondiale.
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066972
Cologne/Bruxelles, July 10th, 2006. As the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) prepares for its first elections in 40 years next month, instability is on the rise in the volatile east of the country and the EU mission has a duty to protect women...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 13 Jul , 2006

23. 'Capacity Development' to be Focus of Renamed dgCommunity
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1067031
In response to the rising attention to capacity development issues and the trend of mainstreaming MDGs targets into country practices through the PRSP process, the dgCommunity on "Capacity Development for MDGs" now has a new name "Capacity...
Contribuido por Charlotte Moser el 13 Jul , 2006

24. Human Rights, Women and HIV/AIDS - WHO Media Centre.
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066977
Women?s right to safe sexuality and to autonomy in all decisions relating to sexuality is respected almost nowhere. As it is intimately related to economic independence, this right is most violated in those places where women exchange sex for...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 13 Jul , 2006

25. Women?s Concerns and Spaces in the United Nations: What Does History Tell Us?
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066981
This article has been written by Margaret Snyder, Founding Director of UNIFEM: "As the UN Reform process proceeds, poverty has grown rather than lessened in much of the developing world, and as AIDS spreads, it is becoming a ?women?s disease?. These...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 13 Jul , 2006

26. Preventing the Further Spread of HIV/AIDS - Human Rights Watch.
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066984
Joseph Amon: After twenty-five years, the global AIDS pandemic is still expanding. More than forty million people are living with HIV/AIDS. In 2005, five million people were newly infected, and three million died of AIDS. Between 2003 and 2005, the...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 13 Jul , 2006

27. Using Gender Research in Development - Agnes R. Quisumbing and Bonnie McClafferty.
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066987
Publication - International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), 2006: Foreword: "While gender equality is a basic human right, and closing the gender gap is key to achieving many development objectives, development practitioners and advocates...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 13 Jul , 2006

28. Female Genital Mutilation - A Human Rights Information Pack
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1067187
This AI information pack includes background on various procedures performed, and therir geographic predominance. It also sheds light on the physical and psychological effects of the operation itself, as well as short-term post-op and lifelong...
Contribuido por Laura Allen el 17 Jul , 2006

29. Rwanda: Twelve years On, HIV-positive Genocide Survivors Are Still Suffering.
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1066992
KIGALI, 5 July (PLUSNEWS) - Rwanda marked its 12th Liberation Day since the 1994 genocide on Tuesday with calls of "never again", but thousands of women who were brutally raped in the 100 days of terror have an enduring reminder of their torment -...
Contribuido por Anuradha Bhattacharjee el 13 Jul , 2006

30. Practical Tools for Ensuring a Quality Family Program in Indonesia
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1067024
"Since 2000 STARH (Sustaining Technical Achievements in Reproductive Health/Family Planning) has worked with a multitude of partners to improve the quality of family planning services in Indonesia and to increase demand for quality services by family...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 13 Jul , 2006

31. Population Ageing 2006 (Wall Chart)
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1067039
"For 228 countries or areas, regions and the world, the wall chart presents comparable indicators including absolute and relative numbers of the older population, proportions currently married, living alone and in the labour force among both older...
Contribuido por Maribeth Lovegrove el 13 Jul , 2006

Publicado por Development Gateway el 18 de Julio, 2006, 14:03 ~ Comentar ~ Referencias (0)


Cumbre de los Pueblos, empieza mañana - Convocatoria

CONVOCATORIA

CUMBRE DE LOS PUEBLOS POR LA SOBERANIA Y LA INTEGRACION SUDAMERICANA

CORDOBA 18, 19 y 20 de julio de 2006
Patagonia Ciber Fem

Los movimientos y organizaciones sociales de la región nos volveremos a encontrar, en la ciudad de Córdoba, los días 18 y 19 de julio de 2006, previo a la Cumbre de Presidentes del MERCOSUR, para darle continuidad al proceso de lucha, debate y construcción de alternativas que hemos venido dando en la región y que se ha expresado en los últimos tiempos, en la III Cumbre de los Pueblos de América, en la ciudad de Mar del Plata en noviembre de 2005, en la Asamblea de Movimientos Sociales del Foro Social Mundial, Caracas 2006 y en el último Encuentro Hemisférico de lucha contra el ALCA y por una América mejor, en La Habana, Cuba, abril de 2006.

Nuestra realidad continental evidencia que desde Mar del Plata a la fecha, si bien el ALCA se detuvo gracias a las masivas movilizaciones sociales, EEUU y las transnacionales han avanzado sobre Centroamérica, la región Andina e inclusive han puesto en tensión el proceso del MERCOSUR, con la intención de implementar Tratados de Libre Comercio y de Inversiones bilaterales, continuar presionando por el control de nuestros recursos y vidas en la OMC y avanzar en la militarización, como lo demuestra el ingreso de tropas norteamericanas en territorio paraguayo. A lo que suma la tirante relación bilateral entre los gobiernos de Argentina y Uruguay por la instalación de las pasteras, la sacudida producida por la nacionalización de los Hidrocarburos en Bolivia y la intervención de las Instituciones Financieras Internacionales en la Región, como en el caso del Sistema del Acuífero Guaraní.

En este marco de conflictividad política, social y económica, el 20 y 21 de julio se realizará en la ciudad de Córdoba, Argentina, la Cumbre de Presidentes del MERCOSUR y países asociados, a la que asistirán diferentes mandatarios latinoamericanos, entre ellos Hugo Chávez y Evo Morales.

Por todo lo expresado, reafirmando nuestros principios y compromisos, consideramos imprescindible CONVOCARNOS a realizar una Cumbre de los Pueblos por la Soberanía y la Integración Sudamericana. Dando continuidad a los ejes y foros temáticos desarrollados en los encuentros anteriores, priorizando la construcción de Alternativas desde y para los pueblos, acompañando propuestas que representen este pensar, como la Alternativa Bolivariana para las Américas (ALBA) o los Tratados Comerciales de los Pueblos (TCP), desde nuestra autonomía política y programática, e impulsando la movilización social para avanzar en la concretización de nuestros objetivos y alertar sobre cualquier adaptación al modelo neoliberal. La Cumbre de Córdoba también se enmarcará en el camino de preparaciones para la Cumbre Social de la Integración de los Pueblos, a realizarse en Santa Cruz de Bolivia, en diciembre de 2006, paralela a la Reunión Cumbre de los Presidentes de la Comunidad Sudamericana de Naciones.

Como lo hicimos en Mar del Plata en la III Cumbre de los Pueblos, convocamos a trabajar en talleres, comisiones, foros y plenarios en torno a los siguientes ejes:

1. No a los Tratados de Libre Comercio.

Sí a las Alternativas de los Pueblos (entre ellas los TCP, el ALBA).

2. No a la Deuda Externa.

Sí a la independencia económica con soberanía financiera.

3. No a la Militarización y la Doctrina de Seguridad Continental.

Sí a la Soberanía popular y la autodeterminación de los pueblos.

4. No a la desigualdad del Hambre y la Pobreza.

Sí a la Distribución de la Riqueza. Por la universalidad del Derecho a la Vida con Soberanía alimentaria.

Así podremos hacer realidad, como lo planteábamos en la Declaración Final de la III Cumbre de los Pueblos, que "¡El ALCA debe ser enterrado para siempre"! , por eso decimos: ¡No al Libre Comercio, la militarización y la deuda!", para acabar verdaderamente con la pobreza, el desempleo y la exclusión social.

CONVOCAN:

Movimiento SI de los Pueblos Movimiento por la Soberanía y la Integración de los Pueblos (ex Autoconvocatoria NO al ALCA)

Alianza Social Continental (Región Sur)

Campaña Continental contra el ALCA (Región Sur)

Publicado por Patagonia Ciber Fem el 18 de Julio, 2006, 1:48 ~ Comentar ~ Referencias (0)


AL: Avances hacia la paridad política de género

AMÉRICA LATINA:
Avances hacia la paridad política de género
Por Daniela Estrada


Crédito: Alex Ibañez/Presidencia de Chile

SANTIAGO, jul (IPS/Patagonia Ciber Fem) - ¿Qué factores impiden a las mujeres acceder al Poder Legislativo? ¿Cómo han funcionado las leyes de cuotas en América Latina? ¿Qué tan cerca está Chile de aprobar una norma de ese tipo para aumentar su todavía bajo porcentaje de representación femenina en el parlamento?

Las leyes de cuotas, o acciones positivas que contrarrestan los obstáculos que enfrentan las mujeres para acceder a cargos de decisión bien sea del Poder Ejecutivo o del Poder Legislativo, consisten en fijar un porcentaje o número mínimo de representación femenina, ya sea en los puestos de designación del gobierno, o bien en las listas electorales de los partidos políticos.

"En general, en América Latina las cuotas han funcionado bien, ya que han acelerado significativamente la presencia de las mujeres en el Poder Legislativo, especialmente cuando se trata de leyes bien pensadas", dijo a IPS Marcela Ríos, una de las autoras del estudio "Cuotas de Género: Democracia y Representación", publicado en junio por la Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (Flacso), con apoyo del Instituto Internacional para la Democracia y la Asistencia Electoral.

Las estadísticas así lo confirman. En aquellos países de la región donde se han aprobado leyes de cuotas para el parlamento, las mujeres ocupan en promedio 20,3 por ciento del total de los asientos de los parlamentos, mientras que en los que no cuentan con iniciativas de este tipo sólo detentan 13,7 por ciento.

Este mecanismo es altamente valorado por la Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (Cepal), la cual estima que de no aplicarse cuotas de género en los países de América Latina, habría que esperar hasta el año 2052 para que las mujeres ocuparan apenas 40 por ciento de los escaños parlamentarios.

Los sistemas de cuotas de género pueden crearse por la vía constitucional, legislativa o por iniciativa de los propios partidos políticos y "se sustentan en la visión que las condiciones sociales, por sí solas, no solucionan las desigualdades existentes en una sociedad", por lo que el Estado debe intervenir a través de la generación de "acciones positivas".

Actualmente, 50 países han adoptado leyes de este tipo en el mundo, 11 de ellos en América Latina y el Caribe, con cuotas que oscilan entre 20 y 40 por ciento.

Argentina fue el primer país de la región en aprobar este sistema para el Poder Legislativo, al fijar un porcentaje de 30 por ciento tanto para la cámara baja como para el Senado.

Le siguieron Costa Rica, México y Paraguay en 1996, Bolivia, Ecuador, Brasil, Panamá, Perú y República Dominicana en 1997, Venezuela en 1998 (aunque después prescindió de este mecanismo), y finalmente, Honduras en el año 2000.

Colombia es el único país con una ley de cuotas para el Poder Ejecutivo, el cual establece una proporción de 30 por ciento de mujeres en los altos cargos de decisión de todos los organismos del Estado.

Al analizar 18 países de la región, 11 con leyes de cuotas y siete sin este mecanismo, Flacso constató que en los primeros, la presencia de las mujeres en los respectivos parlamentos creció en 9,5 puntos porcentuales entre 1995 y 2004, mientras que en los segundos lo hizo sólo en 2,9 puntos.

Sin embargo, estas leyes no aseguran por sí solas un aumento de la participación política de las mujeres, continúa el estudio. La efectividad de la "cuota" implementada depende de la naturaleza del sistema electoral de cada país y de la dinámica de los partidos, los cuales actúan como "porteros" en los procesos electorales.

Las leyes de cuotas logran su máxima eficiencia en los sistemas de representación proporcional, que utilizan listas cerradas, y cuando la ley exige que las mujeres ocupen los primeros renglones, de manera que tengan posibilidades reales de resultar electas.

Estos factores explican el gran éxito obtenido en el crecimiento de la representación femenina entre 1995 y 2004 en el parlamento bicameral argentino, con 28 por ciento, y en el Congreso legislativo costarricense con 19,5 por ciento.

En tanto que el impacto del mecanismo es menor en Ecuador, México, Panamá, Bolivia y Perú, donde la representación femenina parlamentaria creció entre siete y 15 por ciento.

República Dominicana, por su parte, muestra un "bajo" 5,6 por ciento de incremento del número de parlamentarias, mientras que Brasil y Honduras han obtenido hasta ahora "nulos" resultados, manteniéndose por debajo del promedio mundial (16,6 por ciento).

A juicio de los investigadores, la realidad de Brasil "ofrece una evidencia dramática de la necesidad de redactar este tipo de leyes con sumo cuidado", que incluyan mecanismos de sanción ante el incumplimiento.

En Chile, la representación de las mujeres en el Congreso (12,6 por ciento) está por debajo del promedio mundial.

"Hoy en día no existe igualdad de competencia para ingresar al parlamento chileno" debido al sistema electoral que rige en el país, y al comportamiento de los partidos políticos, que no cuentan con incentivos para incluir a un número mayor de mujeres, aseguró Ríos.

A pesar de que el procedimiento electoral utilizado en este país es considerado proporcional, las listas son abiertas y la baja representación por distritos (con dos escaños por cada uno) dificulta el acceso de la población femenina.

Aunque el programa de gobierno de la presidenta Michelle Bachelet incluye una propuesta de ley de cuotas, las críticas a tal propuesta han llevado al Poder Ejecutivo a pensar en otras alternativas, tales como la promulgación de protocolos por parte de los partidos políticos, en los que se comprometan a incluir a más candidatas, comentó a IPS Laura Albornoz, ministra del Servicio Nacional de la Mujer.

Bachelet formó un gabinete paritario, con igual proporción de hombres y mujeres.

"La mitad de la población chilena no tiene acceso a los lugares donde se toman las decisiones del país, y el origen de este problema es la tradicional segregación de la mujer al ámbito doméstico. Por eso, como gobierno, estamos analizando distintos mecanismos para revertir esta situación", explicó Albornoz.

En estos momentos, gracias a un proyecto de reforma constitucional presentado por el gobierno hace un mes al Congreso, se discute la modificación del sistema electoral chileno. Esta moción ya incluye la creación de un incentivo financiero para que los partidos políticos incluyan más candidatas en sus listas.

Pero la aprobación de ésta y otras medidas todavía está en entredicho. En una encuesta realizada por la Corporación Humanas a 111 diputados y diputadas, donde se les consultó si estaban de acuerdo con una ley que garantizara la presencia de mujeres en el Congreso, las y los representantes del ultraderechista partido Unión Demócrata Independiente (UDI) se manifestaron 84,8 por ciento en contra.

En la coalición de gobierno tampoco hay apoyo absoluto. Solamente 52, 4 por ciento de los congresistas del Partido Demócrata Cristiano se mostraron a favor.

"Nosotros creemos que la discusión se está partiendo de atrás para adelante. Antes de legislar acerca de una ley de cuotas, que privilegiaría a una elite del país, se debería poner atención a las reales condiciones que no permiten que las mujeres entren a la política", dijo a IPS Karla Rubilar, diputada de Renovación Nacional (RN), partido de derecha liberal.

Rubilar, cuya colectividad se ha manifestado públicamente en contra de esta ley, plantea que los partidos no discriminan a las mujeres, sino que son ellas quienes no desean postularse, inhibidas por una actividad que requiere de "un alto nivel de sacrificio personal", con reuniones hasta muy tarde, además de trabajo los fines de semana y días festivos.

Una postura similar tiene el ex candidato presidencial de la UDI, Joaquín Lavín, quien señaló en una columna de opinión publicada en el diario El Mercurio que la participación política no es un tema prioritario para las mujeres chilenas, dado que ellas tienen problemas más serios, como el acceso al mercado laboral, la desigualdad de sueldos y la violencia intrafamiliar.

Ninguno de estos temas es excluyente, responde la investigadora de Flacso, para quien existe gran ignorancia acerca de las leyes de cuotas y de los resultados que se han obtenido en los países que las han implementado, lo que se suma a la "resistencia por parte de algunos sectores a cambiar las reglas del juego".

La secretaria nacional de RN y ex diputada Lily Pérez advirtió en una entrevista que las cuotas "generan una situación de menoscabo para la mujer", dado que colocarían en tela de juicio sus capacidades. Pérez puso como ejemplo la elección de Bachelet, quien habría triunfado gracias a sus "méritos, trabajo, reconocimiento y preparación" individual.

No obstante, Ríos aspira a que durante la actual administración se apruebe una ley de este tipo, "porque es un mecanismo probado en otros países, que resuelve rápida y efectivamente el problema de la baja representación de las mujeres en los cargos de elección popular", apuntó.

En tanto que Albornoz confirmó que se trata de una de las prioridades del actual gobierno, que finaliza en 2010. (FIN/2006)

Publicado por por: Daniela Estrada el 18 de Julio, 2006, 1:21 ~ Comentar ~ Referencias (0)


11 Feria Internacional del Libro en Lima

Amigas y amigos,
les envío el catálogo de la 11 FIL Lima 2006, que se realizará del 20 al 30 de julio en el Centro de Convenciones Jockey Plaz, la entrada es un sol y les permite ingresar al sorteo de una biblioteca de diez mil soles en libros que regala la Cámara Peruana del Libro. 
Con el catálogo sabrán de todas las actividades y tendrán vasta información de esta feria que solo ha sido posible gracias al esfuerzo de la Cámara Peruana del Libro, de las instituciones involucradas, empresas, y de todos y todas ustedes. Hay más de 200 actividades: presentaciones de libros y revistas, homenajes, conferencias, mesas redondas, recitales, talleres, ciclo de cine y video, espectáculos artísticos para la niñez y público en general. Además habrán novedades y descuentos espectaculares en los 160 stands.
Ahora, el éxito de la feria dependerá de la difusión que hagamos, de la energía, profesionalismo y amor a la camiseta (en ese caso la cultura) que pongamos durante sus once días. ¡Viva la feria! ¡viva el libro!
Muchas gracias en nombre del equipo de trabajo y del personal de la CPL, 
Un abrazo,
 
            Doris Moromisato Miasato
             Directora Cultural
             11 FIL Lima 2006

Publicado por Doris Moromisato el 18 de Julio, 2006, 0:25 ~ Comentar ~ Referencias (0)


 
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