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EQUIDAD DE GÉNERO
IGUALDAD Y EQUIDAD EN DERECHOS HUMANOS


NEW! HIGHLIGHT: Drought and the Devastation of Darfur

Development Gateway Foundation
dgCommunities: Gender and Development
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender?intcmp=911
May 24, 2007

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1. NEW HIGHLIGHT: Drought and the Devastation of Darfur
2. NEW dgSPECIAL COLLECTION: Global Warming
3. HIGHLIGHT RESOURCES
4. IFC-Financial Times Essay Competition: Through Sept. 30
5. NEW! DISCUSSION: Is Gender Being Factored into Climate Change Policy Decisions?
6. RESOURCE OF INTEREST
7. MEMBER DIRECTORY: Update Your Profile for Networking & Collaboration
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Dear Member,

Welcome to your newsletter from the Gender and Development dgCommunity of the Development Gateway.

Anuradha Bhattacharjee
Content Coordinator

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1. NEW! HIGHLIGHT: Drought and the Devastation of Darfur
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A recent article in Time Magazine sounds a warning. "Darfur, a barren, mountainous land just below the Sahara in western Sudan, is the world's worst man-made disaster. In four years, according to the U.N., fighting has killed more than 200,000 people and made refugees of 2.5 million more. The conflict is typically characterized as genocide, waged by the Arab Janjaweed and their backers in the Sudanese government, against Darfur's black Africans.

But what is often overlooked is that the roots of the conflict may have more to do with ecology than ethnicity. To live on the poor and arid soil of the Sahel - just south of the Sahara - is to be mired in an eternal fight for water, food and shelter. The few pockets of good land have been the focus of intermittent conflict for decades between nomads (who tend to be Arabs) and settled farmers (who are both Arab and African). That competition is intensifying. The Sahara is advancing steadily south, smothering soil with sand. Rainfall has been declining in the region for the past half-century, according to the National Center for Atmospheric Research. In Darfur there are too many people in a hot, poor, shrinking land, and it's not hard to start a fight in a place like that.

The devastation of Darfur highlights the potentially catastrophic effects of climate change on societies across Africa. The U.N. estimates that the lives of as many as 90 million Africans--most of them in and around the Sahara--could be "at risk" on account of global warming. Many of Africa's armed conflicts can be explained as tinderboxes of climate change lit by the spark of ancient rivalry. In Somalia, nearly two decades of anarchy have been exacerbated by eight years of drought. In Zimbabwe, relief agencies say President Robert Mugabe's disastrous rule is being overtaken by an even greater catastrophe, a three-month drought that wiped out the maize crop, fueling tensions between government-allied haves and opposition have-nots.

Apart from drought, other environmental challenges can prove deadly. A growing number of experts believe the 1994 genocide in Rwanda is best understood as a contest between too many people on too little land… On April 16, 11 former U.S. admirals and generals published a report for the think tank CNA Corporation that described climate change as a "threat multiplier" in volatile parts of the world. The next day, British Foreign Secretary Margaret Beckett hosted the first-ever debate on climate change and armed conflict at the U.N. Security Council. "What makes wars start?" asked Beckett. "Fights over water. Changing patterns of rainfall. Fights over food production, land use…" So Darfur is a test case - not just of the world's commitment to stop genocide but also of its ability to prevent future African resource wars."

This highlight quotes Alex Perry's article , Time.com, April 26, 2007. " How to Prevent the Next Darfur". Photograph, courtesy IRIN/Nicholas Reader.

http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender?intcmp=911

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2. NEW dgSPECIAL COLLECTION: Global Warming
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Global warming and its role in climate change are emerging as major international issues for the development field today, affecting a wide spectrum of well-being from health to income generation. The 2007 G8 Summit of donor countries on June 6-8 in Germany will address the need for energy efficiency worldwide. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon will focus on climate change at the UN General Assembly in September 2007. For World Environment Day on June 5, the Development Gateway has assembled a Special Collection of resources and interviews across dgCommunities, including two interviews with experts from the Global South and North.

Read the dgSpecial Collection on Global Warming at:
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/environment/highlights/viewHighlight.do~activeHighlightId=113165?intcmp=911

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3. HIGHLIGHT RESOURCES
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- WHY ( World Hunger Year ) - The Emerging Water Crisis and Its Implications for Food Security. By Robert Svadlenka.
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do~1101030?intcmp=911

- Global Warming Will Make Water Crisis Intolerable
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do~1101028?intcmp=911

- Water, Work and Women in Rural India - Aditi Kapoor ( World Resources Institute)
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do~1101022?intcmp=911

- Water is Life - A Story from the Niger ( Yale Medicine)
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do~1101016?intcmp=911

- ENERGIA
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do~1101010?intcmp=911

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4. IFC-Financial Times Essay Competition: Through Sept. 30
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The International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the Financial Times invite entries to our 2nd annual essay contest about the role of the private sector in international development. Our competition offers entrants an unparalleled opportunity to share their research and ideas with a prestigious expert jury panel and to reach an international audience. The top prize is a US$20,000 cash award. Winning essays will be published on the IFC and FT web sites. The winners will be announced in early 2008.

We are accepting entries from Wednesday, April 25, 2007 to Sunday, September 30, 2007. For details on how to apply, and to view all six of last year's winning entries, please visit us at: http://www.ifc.org/competition

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5. NEW! DISCUSSION: Is Gender Being Factored into Climate Change Policy Decisions?
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Women who are educated and earn money have a better status in society. More and more micro finance institutions are bringing empowerment to women around the world through economic independence. Please share your experiences with the community on real life case studies from your part of the world and about women's groups which are helping themselves and the community.

http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/discussion/default/showDiscussion.do~id=3862?intcmp=911

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6. RESOURCE OF INTEREST: Women and Food Security in South Asia: Current Issues and Emerging Concerns
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The food security scenario in South Asia has witnessed rapid progress over the last few decades, yet nutrition outcomes, especially those related to women and children, have failed to keep pace. This paper contends that the role of women in providing food and nutrition security at the household and individual level needs to be examined, if the paradox of persisting malnutrition amid macro level food sufficiency is to be resolved. Food security, in its broader connotation, results from the availability of adequate food, effective consumption, and desirable nutrition outcomes. As such, it is intricately linked with a woman's multiple roles expressed in her productive, reproductive, and caring functions. However, even focussed efforts aimed at resolving the problems faced by women in performing one or other of their roles, may fail to produce expected results, if the issues underlying each function and their inter-linkages are not fully understood. The paper thus attempts to review various aspects of the relationship between women and food security in South Asia, highlight the issues that require urgent focus and indicate emerging concerns in the region.

http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do~1101877?intcmp=911

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7. MEMBER DIRECTORY - UPDATE YOUR MEMBER PROFILE!
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With over 30,000 registered dgCommunities members, the Member Directory provides a one-stop shop for key contacts and collaboration worldwide. We invite you to take advantage of this unprecedented collaborative tool and add your profile today!

Our new Member Directory enables you to more easily contact fellow professionals in the international development community for expert advice, information, and collaboration. You will be able to find development practitioners from over 200 countries, with interests and expertise in dozens of areas, including your own! We invite you to update your member profile to let your colleagues in development know more about your interests and expertise. You'll find the profiles very useful when using the Member Directory to communicate and collaborate with fellow members on your next program or project. Log onto the dgCommunity platform by clicking http://topics.developmentgateway.org/um/user/showUserAccount.do?intcmp=911 Then, under "Manage Your Account" in the upper right, click "Edit Member Profile".

Quick Start - 4 Easy Steps:

-ESTABLISH YOUR PROFILE
Let your colleagues in development know more about your interests and expertise through your dgCommunities profile. Simply log in and go to My Gateway http://topics.developmentgateway.org/um/user/showUserAccount.do?intcmp=911 On upper right under "Manage Your Account", scroll down to "Edit Member Profile", and click "Edit this information".

-SEARCH FOR MEMBERS
Log in to the Development Gateway and go to "My Gateway". On upper right, scroll down to "Manage Your Contacts" and click "Search directory" to add new contacts. You can search by: name, country, interest, expertise, organization, organization type, or by keywords in member bios. Search Results will show you a list of members with a link to their profiles. You can also reach the Member Directory on My Gateway on the left column under "Member Services" when you scroll down and click "Directory" http://topics.developmentgateway.org/um/user/showMemberDirectory.do?intcmp=911

-COMMUNICATE WITH MEMBERS
When viewing a member's profile, click "Contact this user". This will open a message box in which you can type and send a message through our message forwarding system.

-CREATE OWN CONTACT LIST OF MEMBERS
You can build a list of key contacts and form your own network of members. Searching for members will produce a results list; you can then select members to be added to your "My Contacts" list by clicking on the plus sign under "Status" for each desired contact. Or, when viewing a particular member's profile, click "Add this member to My Contacts". Your full contact list can be viewed when you log in, go to My Gateway, scroll down to "Manage Your Contacts" and click "View your dgCommunity contacts list".

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DID YOU KNOW?
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Did you know that as a member of the Gender and Development dgCommunity you can share your knowledge resources (e.g., websites, papers, reports, presentations, images, news, events, etc) in just about any format including streaming audio and video.
Each resource will be described on a unique interactive page that will acknowledge you as the contributor and link to your profile. To view full text of knowledge resources, users will follow links to host websites, which will benefit from increased traffic from the Development Gateway community!

Simply click on the "Add content here" hyperlink at: http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/Contribute.do~flag=url~from=SampleLayout?intcmp=911

Thank you!
Anuradha Bhattacharjee
Content Coordinator
gender@developmentgateway.org
http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender?intcmp=911

Publicado por Boletin DG. el 25 de Mayo, 2007, 19:40 ~ Comentar ~ Referencias (0)


 
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